Gwalior is a historic and major city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh (MP).
From the Tomars in the 13th century, it was passed on to the Mughals, then to the Marathas (1754) and finally the Scindias in 18th century.
The rich heritage of art and culture, and especially the contribution of Gwalior to classical music is worth mentioning.
Post independence, Gwalior has emerged as an important tourist attraction in central India.
At the heart of Gwalior is Gwalior Fort of the Tomara Dynasty. This formidable structure was reputed to be one of the most structurally sound forts of India, having been improved by Raja Man Singh Tomar where a previous structure existed.
Emperor Babur reputedly described it as “the pearl in the necklace of the forts of Hind”. This fort’s architecture is unique. It displays a Chinese influence on Indian architecture, as Chinese dragons have been crafted at the hilt of the pillars. This influence was due to trade between China and India at the time of the fort’s construction.
In the east of the city are two examples of early Mughal architecture: the mausoleum of the 16th century Sufi Saint Ghous Mohammed and the tomb of Mian Tansen, a great singer and one of the ‘Nine Jewels’ of the Mughal Emperor Akbar’s court.
Close to the heart of the city is Jai Vilas Palace of the Scindia dynasty, patterned on the palace of Versailles. It combines Tuscan, Italian and Corinthian styles of architecture.
is situated on the mountainous terrain at the slopes of Gwalior Fort. Gopachal Parvat contains unique statues of Jain Tirthankaras. The idol of Lord Parshvanath seated on a lotus (carved out of a single stone) is the largest in the world, towering at 47 feet in height and 30 feet in breadth. There is a series of 26 Jain statues in a single line. Built between 1398 and 1536 by Tomar kings, these Jain Tirthankar statues are one of a kind in architecture and a treasure trove of old Indian heritage and culture.
Vivsvaan Mandir (Sun Temple).
A newly built temple dedicated to the Sun god, the Sun Temple is located near the residency at Morar, Gwalior. It is a facsimile of the Sun temple of Konark, Orissa and now this sun temple is one among the significant pilgrimage centres in Gwalior. The temple is located in a serene ambiance and a well-maintained garden within the temple premises is very attractive.
Shyam Vatika is a banquet hall which has the world’s largest indoor mural, as recognised by Guinness World Records.
The 15th century Gujari Mahal is a monument to the love of Raja Mansingh Tomar for his intrepid Gujar Queen, Mrignayani. The outer structure of Gujari Mahal has survived in an almost total state of preservation; the interior has been converted into an archaeological museum housing rare antiquities, some of them dating back to the 1st century A.D.
Sas-bahu Temple –
A 9th-century shrine, Sas-Bahu temple in the fort allures not only the devotees but also the tourists with its artistic value. Despite what its name may suggest, these temples are not dedicated to Sas (mother-in-law) and Bahu (daughter-in-law) but rather the short form of Shashtra Bahu, another name of Lord Vishnu. These temples situated adjacent to each other and the larger one is elaborately decorated with beautiful carvings and sculptures. The roof of the larger temple is adorned with a marvelous lotus carving which is very fascinating. These ancient temples display exceptional architectural brilliance and are a perfect destination for pious people.
Teli Ka Mandir (Telangana Mandir)
– A structure of about 100 feet, Teli Ka Mandir in Gwalior Fort distinguishes itself from the other compositions of its time because of its unique architecture. Though the roof of the temple holds a Dravidian look, the sculptures are typically North Indian. The temple bears a close resemblance to the temple of Prathihara Vishnu, and is filled with images of coiled serpents, passionate couples, river goddesses, and a flying Garuda.
Jai Vilas Mahal
Jai Vilas Mahal
Also called Jai Vilas Palace, is the residential palace turned museum of the Maratha rulers of Gwalior – the Scindias. It is in the heart of the city. The palace has notable collections of antiques and also some of the old time gadgets and collections that can’t be easily seen.The museum is one of the largest in Madhya Pradesh and has the world’s largest chandelier and the complex is a mixture of British as well as Hindu architecture. The palace was made in 1874 as an attempt to bring the palace of Versailles to Gwalior.
Jai Vilas Palace at night
Jai Vilas Palace
Jai Vilas Palace
Heritage road (from Jai Vilas Palace back gate up to Jayarogya Hospitals Gate) in front of Chatris of Scindias.
Chatris of Scindias is situated close to the city near Achaleshwar temple and is the burial place for the Scindias who ruled the city for many years. Designated persons like Maharaja Madhavrao Scindia, Vijayaraje Scindia and His Highness Jivajirao Scindia were cremated here.
Tansen’s tomb: Gwalior is the birthplace of the musician Tansen. He was one of the “Nine Gems of Akbar”.
Gaus Mohammad’s tomb: The tombs of Great Gaus Mohammad and Tansen are situated on the same territory.
Gaus Mohammad tomb
Tomb of Rani Lakshmibai, a famous freedom fighter, at Phoolbag area. It is here where the she died in 1858 fighting against the British. It is also her burial place.
A temple built by Birla group is dedicated to the Sun god, the Sun Temple is located near residency at Morar, Gwalior. It is a facsimile of the Sun temple of Konark, Odisha and now this sun temple is one among the significant pilgrimage centres in Gwalior. It is the place which gives best examples of peace and neatness in Gwalior. The temple is located in a serene ambience and a well-maintained garden within the temple premises is very attractive. This holy temple draws the locals and tourists alike who gather here to render their prayers. It makes one astounded that a shrine of comparatively modern origin holds such a highest regard, and became one among the most sought after pilgrimage centers in the city.
Tighra dam is located on the outskirts of the city, Tighra is a nice place for an outing. The dam is now being used to store water from the Sank river and supply water to the whole of the city.There is boating as well as adventure sports’ facilities.
2. Amjad Ali Khan : sarod player and musician
3.Atal Bihari Vajpayee : former Prime Minister of India
4.Kartik Tiwari : Actor of Pyaar Ka Panchnama,Born in Gwalior
5.Piyush Mishra : Indian film and theatre actor, Music Director, Lyricist, Singer, Scriptwriter
Sneha Khanwalkar : Music Director and Singer,Born in Gwalior
Mamta Sharma : Singer [Munni Badnam,Fevicol etc.] born in Gwalior
6.Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi : Famous Hindi writer; born in Gwalior
7.Jyotiraditya Scindia : Former Minister of Power
8.Madhavrao Scindia : Indian politician and minister
9.Nida Fazli : famous Urdu writer and poet
10.Roop Singh : Indian hockey player and Olympian
11.Shivendra Singh : Indian national hockey player; born and lives in Gwalior
12.Tansen : court musician of Akbar.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Statue Guarding Entrance to Gujari Mahal
One of the Seven Gates of the Gwalior Fort
Gujari Mahal, now a museum, inside Gwalior Fort
Sas-Bahu Ka Mandir at Gwalior Fort
Former central press at Gwalior
Beautiful Chinese hand craft work on the walls of Gwalior Fort
Former Vidhan Sabha when Gwalior was capital of Madhya Bharat
Welcome to my city of great heritage and fun. This is a place in the heart of India – M.P. with immense lve and hospitality. So put GWALIOR next in your travelling list. Shraddha and all gwaliorites welcome you!!!